Ni/SiO2 AND Ni/ZrO2 CATALYSTS FOR THE STEAM REFORMING OF ETHANOL
AbstractSiO2 and ZrO2 supported Ni catalysts were prepared for use in the steam reforming of ethanol. The catalytic performances, in terms of both H2 productivity and stability towards coking and sintering, were related to the physico-chemical properties of the catalysts.
The samples were prepared either by synthesis of the support by precipitation and subsequent impregnation with the active phase, or by direct synthesis through flame pyrolysis. Many techniques have been used to assess the physico-chemical properties of the catalysts. The samples showed different textural, structural and morphological properties, as well as different reducibility and thermal resistance, depending on the preparation method and support. However, the fundamental parameter governing the final catalyst properties was metal-support interaction. In particular, the stronger the latter parameter, the higher was metal dispersion, leading to small and stable Ni clusters. This influenced both activity and the resistance towards coking. Surface acidity was also taken into account considering the effect of the different nature of acid sites (silanols or Lewis a.s.) of both support and metal phase on catalyst deactivation