Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA is induced in the majority of human colorectal carcinomas. Transcriptional regulation plays a key role in COX-2 expression in human colon carcinoma cells, but post-transcriptional regulation of its mRNA is also critical for tumorigenesis. Expression of COX-2 mRNA is regulated by various cytokines, growth factors and other signals. β-Catenin, a key transcription factor in the Wnt signal pathway, activates transcription of COX-2. Here we found that COX-2 mRNA was also substantially stabilized by activating β-catenin in NIH3T3 and 293T cells. We identified the β-catenin-responsive element in the proximal region of the COX-2 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) and showed that β-catenin interacted with AU-rich elements (ARE) of 3′-UTR in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, β-catenin induced the cytoplasmic localization of the RNA stabilizing factor, HuR, which may bind to β-catenin in an RNA-mediated complex and facilitate β-catenin-dependent stabilization of COX-2 mRNA. Taken together, we provided evidences for β-catenin as an RNA-binding factor and a regulator of stabilization of COX-2 mRNA
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.