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O Declinio da Supremacia Britanica em Portugal 1890-1939

By Sacuntala de Miranda


This thesis analyses the nature of Portugal's foreign trade between 1890 and 1939. Trough out this period, Portugal was en exporter of primary produce - mainly wine and cork - which was exchanged for British manufactured goods, especially cotton textiles and coal Great Britain was Portugal's main trading partner, absorbing about one third of its foreign trade at the beginning of this period. From 1890 onwards, following britain's Ultimatum to Portugal, there was a change in Portuguese economic policy treaty with Britain and the adoption of the 1892 Tariff, whose ultimate aim was to protect the markets of its colonies against British competition and to achieve the economic unity of Portugal and its colonies in a block where theses would fulfill the role of sources of raw materials and markets for portuguese industry. It is possible to see, through the analysis of the development of the Portuguese economy up to the Second World War, that this objective only materialized in the field of cotton textiles, which developed significantly under protection and managed to replace largely the imports of British cotton goods, both in the Portuguese and in the Angolan markets. However, with the growing development of Portuguese industry, of railways and of the steam navigation visiting Portuguese ports for refueling, Portugal came to rely increasingly on the import of British coal. On the other hand, in the field of machinery and other manufactured goods, import from Germany partially came to replace imports from Britain and, on the eve of the Second World War, Portugal's almost exclusive dependence on this country was considerably mitigatedAvailable from Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Servico de Informacao e Documentacao, Av. D. Carlos I, 126, 1200 Lisboa / FCT - Fundação para o Ciência e a TecnologiaSIGLEPTPortuga

Topics: 05E - History
Year: 1988
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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