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Estudo da influencia de padroes fundamentais de movimento na aprendizagem de uma habilidade especifica em criancas com 10, 11 e 12 anos de idade

By Arno Krug


The object of rhis study was to verify the effects, upon the teaching/learning process, from the use of two programs , one of which was based upon the Fundamental Movement Patterns, in school-age childrens 10, 11 and 12 years old. As a theoretical reference mark, the proposed model of D. L. Gallahue (1989) was used, regarding the development of motor aptitudes and, in the teaching/Learning process the process-product paradigm first definided by Dunkin and Biddle in the 1974, was empolyed. The research was carried out with the help ofvthe students from the State School Dr. Gabriel Alvaro de Miranda, located in city of Cruz Alta, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Bazil.Subjects werre 4th, 5th, and 6th grade students, classes were co-educational and intact. The experimental groups (GE1 and GE2), follwed treatment 1 or 2, were selected at randon and the control group (GC) came from another school in the same area. The two GE were given a pre-test, a post test 1 after 15 classes, a post test 2 after 25 classes and after 30 days, a retention test of the spike aptitude-criteria in Volleyball. The following variables were analysed: age previous and subsequent learning, setting-up, height of the net and teaching/learning. The evaluative instruments used in the PFM were from literature and adpted by the author; to evaluate the spike in Volleyball, the FOCOV and the TECOV from Krug (1982), were used. Data was analized using Analysis of Variance and Co-variance techniques. Results indicated that the chronological age of the students investigated is not a trustworthy indicator of readiness. At initial level, the quantitative and qualitative analyses, don't agree with other. The experimental treatment (T1), produced significant similar improvement, the removal of the treatment based upon the PFM produced negative progress, and in the end, after the T2, both programs seemed to produce the same results. The groups, removing the initial level variable, had no significant differences after 15 and 25 class-hours. In the retention test, after 30 days without practice, the qualitative parameter were more negative affected than the quantitative. The evaluation of the HC spike in volley-ball, in reference to the quantitative results, did not with the qualitative results. It was concluded that the theorization of Gallahue (1989) is applyable to the teaching/learning of motor activitiesAvailable from Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Servico de Informacao e Documentacao, Av. D. Carlos I, 126, 1200 Lisboa / FCT - Fundação para o Ciência e a TecnologiaSIGLEPTPortuga

Year: 1993
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