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Principles of rates setting and provision for safety from liquid radioactive discharges of enterprises of nuclear industry

By Kononovich Alexander Lvovich

Abstract

The investigation is concerned with liquid radioactive discharges of the atomic power plant as a source of potential irradiation of the personnel. The aim of the study is to consider regularities of formation of radioactive contamination of water systems and formulate the requirements making it possible to ensure radiation safety of the personnel and population. The main method of investigation is mathematical simulation of the processes and check-out of the proposed mathematical models based on the results of full-scale measurements. The full-scale investigations have been performed with the use of the sample method with a subsequent measurement of samples using spectrometric and radiometric apparatus. Theoretical significance of the study consists in creation of the common concept of fixing the addmissible discharge of liquid radioactive substances. The first created concept takes into account interrelation of environmental objects, radiation environmental capacity in relation to discharges and interrelation of a man with environment as a member of the common biosociety. The engineering methods and package of applied programs to calculate radiation capacities and admissible discharges of radioactive substances in the surface water systems have been developed. The norms of discharges of liquid radioactive substances, method of analysis of natural conditions used when designing objects, technique for determination of admissible discharges of radioactive substances in the surface water systems have been introduced. The results of the study are used by scientific institutes in the works on radiation safety, services of radiation safety of objects in the course of the operational work, design organizations when developing projects and providing expertise in radiation safetyAvailable from VNTIC / VNTIC - Scientific & Technical Information Centre of RussiaSIGLERURussian Federatio

Topics: 03E - Radioactive pollution, nuclear waste, NUCLEAR ENGINEERING,ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Year: 1992
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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