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Lowest low fertility in an urban context When migration plays a key role

By Padova (Italy)) Francesca (Universit degli Studi di Padova Michielin and Rostock (Germany) Max-Planck-Institut fuer demografische Forschung

Abstract

Am Beispiel der Stadt Turin untersucht der Beitrag die Faktoren, die zu besonders niedrigen Fruchtbarkeitsraten in Grossstaedten beitragen. Dabei geht es zum einen um den Einfluss der Urbanisierung und Industrialisierung auf generatives Verhalten, zum anderen um die Auswirkungen der Migration. Mithilfe der Turiner Laengsschnittstudie, die Daten aller Einwohner zwischen 1971 und 2000 bereitstellt, werden die Interdependenzen zwischen Fruchtbarkeit und grenzueberschreitenden Wanderungsbewegungen einer Geburtenkohorte des Jahrgangs 1956 beleuchtet. Dabei wurde z.B. festgestellt, dass Entscheidungen fuer ein Kind zwar Wanderungen in den Fernbereich beschraenken, jedoch weniger Einfluss auf solche im Nahbereich haben. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen einen deutlichen Zusammenhang zwischen wirtschaftlichen Ressourcen und Lebenszyklus einerseits und Wanderungsverhalten und generativem Verhalten andererseits. (ICH)'In countries with so-called 'lowest-low' fertility, the lowest fertility levels are seen in the cities. The main reasons for this development is the difference in the cost of living expenses, combined with income constraints in cities, as compared to these same aspects in rural areas. If we focus our attention on the center of an urban area, migration needs to be taken into account, since it can contribute to particularly low yield fertility. In this paper we use the Turin Longitudinal Study, which has data on all people who have ever been residents in Turin (Italy) during the period 1971-2001. We study the interdependencies between fertility and out-migration choices for a selected group, from the 1956 birth-cohort. In order to fully understand fertility, we need to consider how fertility acts on out-migration choices. Our findings underline the important role of economic resources and life cycle events in such a context which seem to guide both fertility and migration behaviors. Moreover, while having a child significantly hampers long-distance migration, it also has a lower impact on short-distant moves.' (author's abstract)German title: Sehr niedrige Fruchtbarkeitsraten im urbanen Kontext: die Schluesselrolle der MigrationAvailable from Max-Planck-Institut fuer demografische Forschung, Rostock (DE) / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische InformationsbibliothekSIGLEDEGerman

Topics: 05R - Sociology, social studies, welfare studies, social services, 05V - Urban planning, rural planning, transport planning, countryside conservation, 05W - Demography, population studies, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, FRANCE, ITALY, GREAT BRITAIN, FINLAND, SOCIAL ASSISTANCE, CENTRALIZATION, DISTRIBUTION EFFECT, EFFECTIVENESS, EFFICIENCYFERTILITY, REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR, FAMILY PLANNING, URBANIZATION, COPYRIGHT, URBAN POPULATION, INDUSTRIALIZATION, MIGRATION, DIRECTION OF MIGRATION, ITALY
Year: 2002
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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