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Sprachliche Perspecktive und ihre Repraesentation Einige semantische Szenarios

By M. Grabski and Berlin Technische Univ. (Germany). Projektgruppe Kuenstliche Intelligenz und Textverstehen (KIT)

Abstract

Perspectives can be seen as determined by two interacting sorts of information, according to a theory of J. Barwise: 1. descriptive information as encoded in relations, and 2. contextual information that determines what part of the world is focussed by some agent in an inquiry. Descriptive information makes up a perspective if it is confined to some such focus situation; i.e. it does not hold in larger situations, that embed the focus situation. In situation theoretic terms, it is non-persistent. General conditions for this configuration of situated facts are stated and applied to differing semantic phenomena in natural language, among them the semantics of indexicals, of quotations, and of (a type of) thematic roles. For treatment of the latter case, ideas from a theory of event preception by Warren and Shaw are employed. A situation theoretic frame is used for modelling. (orig.)SIGLEAvailable from TIB Hannover: RO 11(127) / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische InformationsbibliothekDEGerman

Topics: 09J - Information theory, coding theory, signal processing, 05B - Information science, librarianship, 05K - Linguistics, SEMANTIC SCENARIO: M, DESCRIPTIVE INFORMATION: M, CONTEXTUAL INFORMATION: M, LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE, SITUATED INQUIRY, COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, LINGUISTICS, NATURAL LANGUAGE
Year: 1996
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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