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Bioindication in natural-like aquatic ecosystems: endocrine disruptors in outdoor microcosms Status-report

By K.W. Schramm, G.F. Severin and Oberschleissheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Oekologische Chemie GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit Neuherberg GmbH

Abstract

Over the past few decades scientists have shown that the hormone system of a wide range of organisms can be affected by numerous environmental chemicals. Society strongly demands studies about the fate and effects of such endocrine disruptors on the aquatic environment. It has been scientifically accepted that risk assessment studies done in aquatic microcosms can be used to extrapolate the potential impact of the tested compound on natural ecosystems. Realistic exposure situations were simulated and screening methods as well as analytical methods with high accuracy were applied on water and sediment. For the comprehensive risk assessment as many trophic levels as possible have to be investigated. Changes in the population dynamics and the community structure serve as ecotoxicological endpoints. Modelling the concentrations of the chemicals in the different aquatic compartments complements and confirms the analytical diagnostics. A directed design of the analytical procedures according to amount of sample and limits of determination becomes possible. Bridging acute and chronic time scales in effect diagnostics the 'area under the curve' -approach has been followed in combination with multivariate statistics. Haber's rule have been applied to the results about complex effect- and exposure-conditions. In some cases the interpretation of results becomes more easy and clear by this approach. (orig.)Available from TIB Hannover: RO 2674(02/02) / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische InformationsbibliothekSIGLEDEGerman

Topics: 03C - Water pollution, oil pollution, sewage treatment, water treatment, LAKES, AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS, QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS, ESTRADIOL, PHENOLS, ALKYLATED AROMATICS, PHYTOPLANKTON, ZOOPLANKTON, GROWTH, REPRODUCTION, SEDIMENTS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION
Year: 2002
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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