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Ecological modernisation and the creation of lead markets

By Klaus Jacob, Martin Jaenicke and Berlin (Germany) Otto-Suhr-Institut fuer Politikwissenschaft WE 1 Forschungsstelle fuer Umweltpolitik FB Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften Freie Universitaet Berlin

Abstract

Der vorliegende Beitrag diskutiert die moegliche Rolle von Fuehrungsmaerkten im globalen Prozess der oekologischen Modernisierung, die hier als Innovation und Diffusion umweltfreundlicher Technologien und nationaler Unterstuetzungspolitik begriffen werden. Dies umfasst die Frage, ob und wie nationale Pionierrollen in der Klimapolitik zu Zeiten der oekonomischen Globalisierung verwendet werden koennen. Globale Umweltveraenderungen hin zu mehr Nachhaltigkeit haengen stark von den Weltmaerkten fuer umweltfreundliche Technologien ab. Hier koennen nationale 'Fuehrungsmaerkte' als Ausgangspunkt dienen. Zunaechst gehen die Autoren auf die oekologische Modernisierung ein, unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der politischen Dimension umweltbezogener Innovationen. Im zweiten Kapitel werden die Moeglichkeiten der nationalen Umweltpolitik im Zeitalter der Globalisierung beleuchtet. Im dritten Kapitel wird die Diffusion von politischen Entscheidungen untersucht, die fuer die Verbreitung umweltfreundlicher Technologien eine grosse Rolle spielen. Im vierten Kapitel gehen die Autoren auf die wechselseitigen Beziehungen und das Zusammenspiel zwischen der Diffusion politischer Entscheidungen und der Diffusion der Umwelttechnologie ein. Kapitel fuenf befasst sich mit den Fuehrungsmaerkten von Umwelttechnologie, wobei zunaechst definiert wird, was unter diesen Fuehrungsmaerkten verstanden wird. Im sechsten Kapitel werden die Grenzen der oekologischen Modernisierung diskutiert. (ICD)'The paper will discuss the potential role of lead markets in the global process of ecological modernisation, here conceived as innovation and diffusion of environmental friendly technologies, including the innovation and diffusion of supporting national policies. This includes the question whether and how national pioneer roles in environmental policy can be played in times of economic globalisation. Global Environmental Change in the direction of sustainability strongly depends on international markets for environmental friendly technologies. Such markets need national 'lead markets' as a starting point. A lead market is the country that adopts an innovation that subsequently adopted worldwide (Beise 2001). Lead markets are empirically characterised by high per-capita income, demanding and innovative buyers, high quality standards, political pressure for change and flexible, innovation-friendly framework conditions for producers and users. Unlike lead markets for normal technical innovations, environment-friendly technologies are specific insofar as they are problem-oriented and depend strongly on political influences. The problem dimension constitutes a potential global demand in terms of global environmental needs. It is mainly the role of pioneer countries to stimulate both, environmental innovation and their global diffusion, often in cooperation with international institutions and organisations. The interplay of innovation and diffusion of technology and policy takes place in different forms (from technology forcing to technology-based policies). It is the high income countries which are able to afford the necessary investments in R and D for the development of new technologies. Many of them have also the demand conditions that enable environmental lead markets. These markets have to deal with the teething troubles of innovations, and they have to provide the pay back of R and D investments. They demonstrate the feasibility of technologies on a large scale application. Lead markets are not only related to potential first mover advantages, they also can attract foreign investors for environmental friendly technologies. The paper is explorative in nature, as there is a lack of research on the mechanism and conditions for the successful making of global markets for environmental innovations. It should be understood as an overview and systematisation of aspects of global ecological modernisation with special regard to lead markets for environmental innovations.' (author's abstract)German title: Oekologische Modernisierung und der Aufbau von FuehrungsmaerktenAvailable from <a href=http://www.fu-berlin.de/ffu/download/rep target=NewWindow>http://www.fu-berlin.de/ffu/download/rep</a> 2002-03.pdf / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische InformationsbibliothekSIGLEDEGerman

Topics: 05D - Economics, economic theory, 050 - Humanities, psychology and social sciences, general, 05J - Political science, public administration, ECOLOGY, ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM, ENVIRONMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTIVE, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INDUSTRY, ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR, ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY, MODERNIZATION, GLOBALIZATION, INNOVATION, DIFFUSION, TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Year: 2002
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Provided by: OpenGrey Repository
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