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Activation of the chicken Ig-β locus by the collaboration of scattered regulatory regions through changes in chromatin structure

By Naoko Shimada, Hiroki Matsudo, Kyoichi Osano, Hiroshi Arakawa, Jean-Marie Buerstedde, Yasuyuki Matsumoto, Kozue Chayahara, Atsushi Torihata and Masao Ono

Abstract

A total of 10 B-lymphocyte-specific DNase I hypersensitive sites located in the chicken Ig-β locus were divided into four regions and combinations of deletions of these regions were carried out. A decrease in transcription of the Ig-β gene to <3% was demonstrated in cells with deletions in all four regions. The Ig-β chromatin was resistant to DNase I digestion in these cells. Thus, the collaboration is shown to convert the Ig-β chromatin from the condensed state to a relaxed state. H3 and H4 acetylation decreased to <8% but H3K4 hypermethylation was observed at the Ig-β promoter and exon 3. The collaboration of four regions had virtually no effect on CG hypomethylation in the region upstream the transcriptional start site. Accordingly, neither the DNase I general sensitive state in the Ig-β chromatin nor hyperacetylation of H3 and H4 histones in the promoter proximal region causes H3K4 di-methylation or CG hypomethylation in the promoter. From these analyses, a chromatin situation was found in which both an active state, such as enhanced H3K4 methylation, or CG hypomethylation, and an inactive state, such as DNase I resistance in the Ig-β chromatin or hypoacetylation of H3 and H4 histones in the Ig-β locus, coexist

Topics: Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1540724
Provided by: PubMed Central
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