The presence of antibody was detected by agglutination tests in the serum of calves four days after vaccination with Brucella abortus strain 19. Titres had reached a maximum by seven to ten days post-vaccination. Sucrose density-gradient ultracentrifugation demonstrated that the earliest antibodies were macroglobulins, IgM (19Sγ; γM)-globulins. Lighter antibodies, IgG (7Sγ2; γG)-globulins, appeared a few days later. With time, antibody titres fell, IgM declining somewhat more quickly than IgG. After revaccination some seven months later, there was a rapid rise in both IgM and IgG
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