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Multinuclear magnesium hydride clusters : Selective reduction and catalytic hydroboration of pyridines

By Julia Intemann, Martin Lutz and Sjoerd Harder


Multinuclear magnesium hydride complexes react with pyridine, forming 1,2- and 1,4-dihydropyridide (DHP) complexes. Reaction of PARA3Mg8H10 with pyridine initially formed 1,2-DHP and 1,4-DHP product mixtures which converted at 60 °C into PARA-[Mg(1,4-DHP)]2·(pyridine)2 (PARA = [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)NC(Me)C(H)C(Me)N]2-(p-C6H4)). Reaction of [NN-(MgH)2]2 with pyridine gave exclusive formation of the 1,2-DHP product NN-[Mg(1,2-DHP)]2·(pyridine)2 (NN = [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)NC(Me)CHC(Me)N-]2). Both products were characterized by crystal structure determinations. The unusual preference for 1,2-addition is likely caused by secondary intramolecular interactions based on mutual communication between the metal coordination geometries: an extended network of C-H···C π-interactions and π-stacking interactions is found. Whereas PARA3Mg8H10 is hardly active in magnesium-catalyzed hydroboration of pyridines with pinacolborane, [NN-(MgH)2]2 shows efficient coupling. However, the regioselectivity of the stoichiometric reaction is not translated to the catalytic regime. This result is taken as an indication for a potential alternative mechanism in which magnesium hydride intermediates do not play a role but the hydride is transferred from an intermediate borate complex

Topics: Organic Chemistry, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry
Year: 2014
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