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Dynamic Lyα jets

By J. Koza, R.J. Rutten and A. Vourlidas


Context. The solar chromosphere and transition region are highly structured and complex regimes. A recent breakthrough has been the identification of dynamic fibrils observed in Hα as caused by field-aligned magnetoacoustic shocks. Aims. We seek to find whether such dynamic fibrils are also observed in Lyα. Methods. We used a brief sequence of four high-resolution Lyα images of the solar limb taken by the Very high Angular resolution ULtraviolet Telescope (VAULT), which displays many extending and retracting Lyα jets.We measured their top trajectories and fitted parabolas to the 30 best-defined ones. Results. Most jet tops move supersonically. Half of them decelerate, sometimes superballistically, the others accelerate. This bifurcation may arise from incomplete sampling of recurrent jets. Conclusions. The similarities between dynamic Lyα jets and Hα fibrils suggest that the magnetoacoustic shocks causing dynamic Hα fibrils also affect dynamic Lyα jets

Year: 2009
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