Global environmental problems and increasing oil prices due to the depletion of fossil resources are forcing today’s economy to shift to more sustained businesses. Because the development of environmental industries and alternative energy usage in the Netherlands is below average compared with other EU countries, this sustainable transition seems to be undeveloped. To explain this phenomenon, this article analyzes the influence of factors that facilitate entrepreneurial performance in the environmental industries in the Netherlands, as the entrepreneurs are first in exploiting the rather new market and provide a lead role to other firms. A quantitative comparative analysis is done with 25 variables, structured by a combined OECD model, using 647 firms in the Netherlands of which 74 are operating in environmental industries. Analysis shows that, as ecopreneurs are operating in a more dynamic environment, R&D expenditure and alertness in this industry leads to higher performance while subsidies tend to have no direct influence on the performance at all. This implies that governmental influence does not directly lead to the desired improvement of ecopreneurial performance. Next to that, there is no empirical evidence that regular entrepreneurs are outperforming ecopreneurs, indicating that further research will have to look for other causes of the slow transition in the Netherlands
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