To predict anti-Muslim and anti-Jewish prejudice, this study uses real conflict indicators, financial worries and values of self-enhancement and conservatism. Perceived threat is defined as the common mechanism behind the effect of all three sets of predictors. The analyses yielded mixed support for the real conflict framework. Contrary to what was expected, out-group size was found to affect anti-Jewish but not anti-Muslim prejudice. Socio-economic position had impact on both types of prejudice, but only its effect on anti-Mulsim prejudice falls in line with the postulations of the real conflict framework. Financial worries and attaching importance to values of self-enhancement and conservatism, on the other hand, were found to positively affect both outcome variables in accordance with our expectations. Finally, perceived threat was found to mediate the effects not only of the real confluct indicators, but also of financial worries and values of self-enhancement and conservatism
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