Evidence accumulates that overestimation (rather than underestimation) of social competence is related to aggressive behavior. Overestimation at one point in time has been related to the development of aggression, but the development of overestimation itself has not been examined to date. The present study examined the development of overestimation and its associations with aggressive behavior over a two-year period in 205 third to fifth grade children. Results showed that “general overestimation” (i.e., overestimation in the total sample) was particularly stable. Although “disputed overestimation” (i.e., overestimation among rejected children) decreased over time, rejected children continued to overestimate themselves. Children who continued to overestimate themselves over time were found to be more aggressive than children who unstably overestimated themselves
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