Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Longitudinal Associations between Perceived Autonomy Support and Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms in Relationships with Parents and Best Friends

By D. van der Giessen


This study examined the longitudinal and bidirectional relations between perceived autonomy support from parents and friends and depressive symptoms. Gender differences in these relations were also investigated. In this five-wave study questionnaires were filled out by 923 early adolescents and 390 middle adolescents annually, thereby covering an age range from 12 to 20. Multi-group path analysis showed that: (1) autonomy support from parents was negatively related to depressive symptoms of boys and girls, (2) boys’ autonomy support predicted subsequent depressive symptoms (3) girls’ depressive symptoms predicted perceived autonomy support, (4) autonomy support from friends was negatively related to depressive symptoms of boys, and (5) more autonomy support from friends predicted more depressive symptoms. These results suggests that for depressive girls only perceptions of autonomy support from parents are relevant, and that for depressive boys perceptions of autonomy support from both parents and friends are of importance

Topics: Sociale Wetenschappen, autonomy support, depressive symptoms, adolescence, parent-adolescent relationships, friendships
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.