The kinetics of association of ureido-pyrimidinone (U) dimers, present either in the 4[1H]-keto form or in the pyrimidin-4-ol form, with 2,7-diamido-1,8-naphthyridine (N) into a complementary heterodimer have been investigated. The formation of heterodimers with 2,7-diamido-1,8-naphthyridine from pyrimidin- 4-ol dimers is much faster than from 4[1H]-pyrimidinone dimers. Using a combination of simple measurements and simulations, evidence for a bimolecular tautomerization step is presented. Finally, the acquired kinetic knowledge of the different pathways leading from ureido-pyrimidinone homodimers to ureidopyrimidinone: diamido-naphthyridine (U:N) heterodimers allows the prediction and observation of kinetically determined ureido-pyrimidinone heterodimers which slowly convert back to the corresponding homodimers
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