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Employment deconcentration in European metropolitan areas: A comprehensive comparison and policy implications

By M.J. Dijst and C. Vazquez


This chapter features a cross-national comparison of economic deconcentration in 12 European metropolitan areas analysing two attributes of employment deconcentration: the magnitude, which refers to the scale of deconcentration; and the physical form. The discussion is positioned in the framework of two dimensions of governance systems: welfare-state regime and central-local government relations. Our expectation that deconcentration would take place on a smaller scale and in a more concentrated form in comprehensive welfare state systems than in liberal regimes is confirmed for one decentralized comprehensive welfare state case and three decentralized liberal state metropolitan areas, but not for the other seven cases.\ud Arguments accounting for this mismatch are put forward. In addition, the effects of deconcentration on the quality of life and the impact of policies are discussed

Topics: Sociale Geografie & Planologie, Employment deconcentration, European metropolitan areas, sprawl, governance systems, quality of life
Year: 2007
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