This paper will demonstrate that the representation of the national mythological heroes in Portuguese novels changes from the eighties to the nineties. The eighties were a decade of a radical ‘iconoclasm’. The ironic representation of the heroes inverted their status as ideal, mythical heroes and turned them into ‘grotesque bodies’. In the nineties these heroes were interwoven in a context of re-written history and reflections at a meta-fictional level, focusing on showing other versions of historical truth
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