This study examines cross-national and inter-individual differences in opposition to antidiscrimination- policy, including 23 European Union member states. Anti-discrimination policy refers to equal opportunity measures provided for ethnic minorities in the field of employment. In addition to the main existing theoretical approaches – new racism, politics and non-racial principles, and group conflict theories, emphasis is placed on the role of the perception of discrimination in explaining individuals’ opposition towards equal-opportunity measures. Furthermore, multilevel-analysis allows for an additional focus on contextual factors, which can explain cross-national variation in opposition to anti-discrimination policy. We find that individuals living in countries with a larger percentage of nonnationals, as well as countries with lower income inequality, are more likely to oppose to anti-discrimination policy. At the individual level, our findings indicate that attitudes towards equal-opportunity measures are determined by the combined influence of considerations based on perceptions of discrimination in the country, contact, as well as political orientations and attitudes towards cultural diversity. Group conflict perceptions were not found to have a significant role
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