This study examines mutual trust between national populations in the European Union. Trust is expected to be a main component of European integration and a necessity for countries to cooperate and communicate with each other. This study focuses on country characteristics of the trusted population and how they influence the trust in its population. We also consider the relation between the respondents’ country and the trusted populations’ country and whether this influences trust in populations. Building on previous research, we derive hypotheses based on the argumentation of prestige, threat and similarity, for explaining differences in trust. Using data with respondents from 20 countries and rating populations from 28 countries (European Election Studies 2004 N=23,367), the results of this study show that these dimensions are indeed useful to predict trust in a country’s population
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