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Renewable energy technologies in the Maldives - determining the potential

By K. van Alphen, W.G.J.H.M. van Sark and M.P. Hekkert


The Maldives is one of the most vulnerable countries to the projected impacts of climate change,\ud due to a combination of the small sizes of the islands and their low height above sea level. Like other\ud small island developing states, the Maldives depends overwhelmingly on petroleum imports for their\ud electricity production, which creates serious economic and financial difficulties. The Government of\ud Maldives is therefore committed to promote sustainable energy and has been actively pursuing\ud several inter-related initiatives to overcome the existing barriers to the utilization of renewable energy technologies. To assist this, the quantification and evaluation of the potentials of available solar and wind resources in the country for electricity applications has been performed. The hybrid system design tool HOMER has been used to create optimal renewable energy (RE) system designs. In order\ud to evaluate these different RE alternatives a multi-criteria analysis is performed using a number\ud of criteria that are likely to be decisive in implementation decisions. The evaluation shows that fully\ud RE system configurations are not financially viable in the Maldives while the RE-diesel hybrid\ud systems could bring down the price of electricity with 5-10 $cent/kWh in smaller outer islands.\ud Assuming that these latter systems with a high probability of adoption are implemented, the results show that 10% of the electricity in the Maldives could be supplied by RE based systems in a cost\ud effective way

Topics: Milieukunde, Scheikunde, Resource assessment, Renewable energy technology, Adoption, Multi-criteria analysis, Small island developing states, Maldives
Year: 2007
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