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Modulation of membrane structure by Ca2+ and dibucaine as detected by 31P NMR

By P.R. Cullis and A.J. Verkleij


The polymorphic phase behaviour of model membrane systems consisting of 20 mol% bovine brain phosphatidylserine and 80 mol% egg yolk phosphatidylethanolamine has been examined employing 31P NMR techniques. It is shown that the addition of Ca2+ to such systems can trigger isothermal bilayer to hexagonal (HII) phase transitions, and that such effects can be reversed by the subsequent incorporation of the local anaesthetic dibucaine. These results are discussed in terms of a recent model for membrane fusion (Cullis, P.R. and Hope, M.J. (1978) Nature 271, 672–674) and mechanisms of anaesthesia

Topics: Biologie, dibucaine, Ca2+, 31P NMR, hexagonal (HII) phase, phosphatidylethanolamine, membrane fusion, model membrane
Year: 1979
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