Tridemorph (2,6-dimethyl-N-tridecylmorpholine) was active against representative of nearly all taxonomic groups of fungi; gram-positive bacteria were also sensitive although gram-negative were not. Tridemorph, 3–10 μg/ml, inhibited the multiplication of sporidia of Ustilago maydis more strongly than the increase of dry weight. The treated sporidia appeared swollen, multicellular, and sometimes branched. Unsaturated lipophilic compounds like α-tocopherol and trilinolein alleviated the toxicity of tridemorph to Botrytis allii and U. maydis. Protein and RNA syntheses were inhibited slightly. DNA synthesis was rather strongly affected already after 2 hr. Lipid synthesis was first inhibited but later stimulated. At an early stage (2 hr) treated cells differed already from control cells by a higher content of free fatty acids. Tridemorph also inhibited sterol biosynthesis. The antimicrobial spectrum, the characteristic morphology of treated cells of U. maydis, the observations on cross-resistance, the alleviating effect of unsaturated lipophilic compounds, and the alterations in neutral lipid pattern suggest strong similarity of the mode of action of tridemorph with that of the known inhibitors of sterol biosynthesis
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