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Isolation and partial characterization of rat gastric mucous glycoprotein

By R. Spee-Brand, G.J.A.M. Strous and M.F. Kramer

Abstract

Mucus glycoproteins from the rat stomach were characterized after their isolation from homogenates of the superficial gastric mucosa by equilibrium centrifugation in CsCl density gradients. Water-soluble as well as water-insoluble glycoproteins were studied. The latter were solubilized by 2-mercaptoethanol reduction of the homogenate. From both homogenate fractions the same two glycoproteins 1 and 2 were purified, glycoprotein 1 being present in considerably higher amount than glycoprotein 2. Their respective buoyant densities in a CsCl gradient were 1.47–1.50 g/ml and 1.56–1.58 g/ml. The two glycoproteins expressed slight differences in gel electrophoresis and gel filtration. The results from column chromatographic comparisons between reduced and unreduced glycoproteins indicated strongly that both glycoproteins 1 and 2 were built from subunits kept together by S---S bonds. The s20,w values of the reduced glycoproteins 1 and 2 were 15.7 S and 11.6 S. Glycoprotein 1 contained 5% protein, 70% carbohydrate and 1–2% sulphate, whereas these percentages for glycoprotein 2 were 10% protein, 65% carbohydrate and 10% sulphate. The molar proportions of the main sugar components galactose, fucose, glucosamine and galactosamine were 4 : 2 : 4 : 1 (glycoprotein 1) and 3 : 2 : 3 : 1 (glycoprotein 2). Blood-group activity A was expressed by glycoprotein 1, whereas glycoprotein 2 showed mainly blood-group activity Leb, some B activity and also some A activity, but to a lesser extent than glycoprotein 1

Topics: Biologie, gycoprotein analysis, carbohydrate composition, rat gastric mucus
Year: 1980
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.library.uu.nl:1874/24708
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