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Effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on early life stages of the pike (Esox lucius L.)

By T. Helder


Freshly fertilized pike eggs were exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) at concentrations of 0.1, 1.0 and 10 ppt (ng/liter) for 96 hours. At all concentrations examined egg development was retarded by 23%, and the growth of fry was also significantly retarded for a long period after exposure. A dose-related mortality was observed. Highest mortality rates occurred during resorption of the yolk and reached almost 100 percent at a concentration of 10 ppt. Death was preceded by development of severe generalized edemas.\ud \ud Histopathologically edemas and hemorrhages were observed, together with alterations of bloodvessel walls. In the liver, two stages of pathological changes were distinguished. The first was characterized by a dilation of sinusoids and a slight swelling of hepatocyte nuclei; in the second stage the nuclei were enlarged up to twice the normal diameter. Hepatocytes were degenerated and varied in size and shape and liver architecture was a almost completely lost

Topics: Farmacie
Year: 1980
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