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Location and characterization of the warfarin binding site of human serum albumin A comparative study of two large fragments

By O.J.M. Bos, J.P.M. Remijn, M.J.E. Fischer, J. Wilting and L.H.M. Janssen


The warfarin binding behaviour of a large tryptic fragment (residues 198–585 which comprise domains two and three) and of a large peptic fragment (residues 1–387 which comprise domains one and two) of human serum albumin has been studied by circular dichroism and equilibrium dialysis in order to locate and characterize the primary warfarin binding site.\ud \ud The induced ellipticity of the warfarin-peptic fragment complex turned out to be pH dependent. This pH dependence occurs in the region of the neutral-to-base transition of the albumin molecule. The induced ellipticity of the warfarin-tryptic fragment complex is pH independent. Difference CD-spectra showed that the peptic fragment and albumin have similar warfarin binding properties whereas the tryptic fragment has deviant warfarin binding properties. The equilibrium dialysis experiments showed that the affinity of warfarin to the peptic fragment and to albumin is practically the same whereas the affinity of warfarin to the tryptic fragment is a factor 2–8 lower than the affinity of warfarin to albumin. Our results indicate that the main part of the primary warfarin binding site is located in domain two of the albumin structure and that domain one plays an important role in the N-B transition of albumin

Topics: Farmacie
Year: 1988
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