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By W. Punt, F. van Benthem and G.C.S. Clarke


The family Fagaceae is distributed world-wide although it is most characteristic\ud of the temperate and subtropical zones of both hemispheres. The\ud majority of species are large trees which play a dominant role in the vegetation\ud of deciduous and evergreen forests. Many are economically important as\ud timber trees.\ud The family comprises seven genera with altogether about 1000 species,\ud but of these only ten species from three genera occur in Northwest Europe.\ud The main genus is Quercus which accounts for eight species. Two of these,\ud Q. rubra and Q. palustris, were introduced into Europe from North America\ud some centuries ago and are now widely cultivated. In addition, Q. pyrenaica\ud has been included in this account because its area of distribution, in the\ud Iberian Peninsula and southern France, borders closely on that of the Northwest\ud European Pollen Flora

Topics: Biologie
Year: 1984
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