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In Situ Raman Spectroscopy of Supported Chromium Oxide Catalysts: 18O2-16O2 Isotopic Labeling Studies

By B.M. Weckhuysen and I.E. Wachs


The isothermal isotopic exchange reaction of 18O2 with 16O of chromium(VI) oxide supported on zirconia, alumina, and titania has been investigated with in situ laser Raman spectroscopy. The isotopic exchange\ud reaction is dependent on the support type, the Cr loading, and the reaction temperature. Complete isotopic exchange of chromium(VI) oxide with 18O2 is difficult to achieve and requires several successive butane reduction-18O2 oxidation cycles at relatively high temperatures. The efficiency of the isothermal isotopic exchange reaction increases from alumina over titania to zirconia and with increasing Cr loading and reduction temperature. The observed Raman shifts upon isotopic labeling are consistent with a mono-oxo surface chromium oxide(VI) species

Topics: Scheikunde
Year: 1997
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