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Root anatomy and development, the basis for nematode parasitism

By B.J.G. Scheres, P.C. Sijmons, C. van den Berg, H. McKhann, G. de Vrieze, V. Willemsen and H. Wolkenfelt


Plant parasitic nematodes appear to rely on very specific interactions with root cells to\ud establish a feeding site. To understand these interactions in detail, it is of advantage to\ud achieve a basic understanding of root development. Arabidopsis thaliana is a suitable\ud plant to investigate root development genetically and molecularly, and it can act as a host\ud plant for plant parasitic nematodes. The anatomy and the ontogeny of the Arabidopsis\ud root can be described in considerable detail. Despite the rigorous lineage relationships in\ud the root, laser ablation experiments demonstrate the presence of continuous information\ud in the root meristem. This information guides cells to differentiate appropriately,\ud according to position. A large spectrum of promoter traps that are specifically expressed\ud in roots are examined in detail, and put into four categories. These expression patterns\ud can be complex, and a relation between the tagged gene and cell type is not always\ud obvious. As a complementary approach, genetic analysis, using specific mutants, is\ud now beginning to unravel key genes that are involved in setting up the pattern of cell\ud differentiation in the root. Combining promoter trap analyses with mutant analysis may\ud create novel strategies for nematode control

Topics: Biologie
Year: 1997
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