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Fuzzy c-means cluster analysis of early diagenetic effectson natural remanent magnetisation acquisitionin a 1.1 Myr piston core from the Central Mediterranean

By M.J. Dekkers, C.G. Langereis, S.P. Vriend, P.J.M. van Santvoort and G.J. de Lange


The influence of early diagenesis on the natural remanent magnetisation (NRM) in sediments from the Calabrian\ud ridge (Central Mediterranean) is analysed with the help of fuzzy c-means (FCM) cluster analysis and non-linear\ud mapping (NLM). The sediments are variably coloured: white, beige, purplish, greenish and grey layers occur with\ud occasionally intercalated sapropels. The NRM acquired depends on both depositional conditions and diagenetic\ud processes. To describe these, FCM was performed with Xm’ ARM, CaCO3, Ba, Mn and S as variables. An\ud eight-cluster model was derived with the clusters belonging to two categories: one expressing mainly diagenetic\ud processes, i.e. dissolution and precipitation, and the other expressing mainly depositional conditions. The impact of\ud diagenesis on NRM acquisition is profound and not restricted to the close vicinity of the anoxic sapropelitic layers.\ud As a consequence, the influence of diagenetic processes on the NRM should be thoroughly assessed when selecting\ud samples, e.g. for the determination of the relative palaeointensity of the geomagnetic field. Application of\ud multivariate classification techniques appears to be useful because it links rock magnetic parameters to the\ud geochemical environment. In the present piston core, three short reversed geomagnetic events in the Brunhes chron\ud are preserved and, indeed, occur in clusters expressing no or minor diagenesis. The recording of the Blake event,\ud however, has been prevented by later precipitation of magnetite in the corresponding interval

Topics: Aardwetenschappen
Year: 1994
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