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Labor, Land Transaction and Peasant Economy in Rural Bangladesh : A Comparison of Developed and Less Developed Villages (<Special Issue>Agricultural and Rural Development in Bangladesh)

By 晃一 宇佐見 and ムハマッド・アフザル・ホセイン

Abstract

この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。Comparison of a developed village (DV) and a less-developed village (LDV) in Comilla, Bangladesh in terms of project implementation, has revealed the following findings. (1) The DV has succeeded in absorbing rural labor into farming and has formed a labor market linked to local informal and small businesses, while the LDV is still dependent upon the informal labor market of distant large cities. (2) Through land mobility, in which small farms and the landless participate, a huge cash is circulated. Khazna and mortgage of land within the village and between the village and neighboring villages is common in the DV, while mortgage of land within the village and barga of land from neighboring villages is common in the LDV. Necessary cash is supplied from nonfarm income in both the DV and the LDV. (3) Despite relatively intensive inputs, Boro rice does not produce a higher net income than Aus and Aman rice. In view of the commercialized nature and high input requirement of Boro rice, managerial skills will become more influential factors in efficient performance. (4) Observation of the input-output of cropping by season indicates that the cultivated area of Boro crop has to be reduced due to lack of sufficient capital for high intensive production. Therefore, the average farm household can meet no more than 38% of rural consumption expenditure (RCE) in the DV and 50% in the LDV. Even if land use were improved, no more than 66-68% of RCE would be met by farming under the present internal circulation of farming capital in the DV and the LDV. If Boro cropping of vegetables were introduced with additional capital, which would have to be supplied from nonfarm sources, the average farm household would meet its RCE by farming

Topics: 292.3
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア研究センター
Year: 1990
OAI identifier: oai:repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp:2433/56417
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