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Active geothermal systems with entrained seawater as modern analogs for transitional volcanic-hosted massive sulfide and continental magmato-hydrothermal mineralization : the example of Milos Island, Greece

By Jonathan Naden, Stephanos P. Kilias and D.P. Fiona Darbyshire

Abstract

Low-sulfidation epithermal mineralization on Milos (Aegean arc) records high paleofluid salinities that cannot be explained by a Broadlands-type low-salinity geothermal system. The D and 18O data do not document 18O-shifted meteoric waters, one of the characteristic features in terrestrial geothermal systems. Nor is a submarine origin indicated—stable isotope data show mixing of meteoric, seawater, and volcanic-arc gases. Strontium isotope data are comparable to those of a nearby active seawater-entrained geothermal system. These are features seen in hydrothermal systems associated with emergent volcanoes. The similarities between ancient and active systems on Milos in terms of salinity, D vs. 18O, and strontium isotope systematics strongly suggest that seawater is the main source for Na and Cl. We suggest that geothermal systems containing seawater associated with emergent volcanoes are an additional analog for intrusion-centered ore-deposit models. Furthermore, such systems bridge the gap between submarine and terrestrial geothermal systems—the modern analogs for volcanic-hosted massive sulfide and epithermal mineralization in the scheme of intrusion-centered hydrothermal mineralization. \u

Publisher: Geological Society of America
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1130/G21307.1
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:15774
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