Temperate coastal sand dunes are amongst the most dynamic landscapes on earth, their evolution being mediated by both climatic and environmental conditions. Formed at the interface between terrestrial and aquatic environments, these biodiversity-rich ecosystems are a valuable resource that deliver a range ecosystem services (the benefits people derive from ecosystems). Sand dune ecosystem services include agricultural products, storm protection through coastal defence, river water purification and tourism. Sustainable delivery of these ecosystem services is dependent on the maintenance of the structure and function of these ecosystems. In combination with conservation legislation that protects certain dune biota, there is clear justification for minimising anthropogenic impacts on these coastal sand dunes
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