The following interproton distances are reported for the decapeptide tyrocidine A in solution: (a) r(phi) distances between NH(i) and H alpha (i), (b) r(psi) distances between NH (i + 1) and H alpha (i), (c) r(phi psi) distances between NH(i + 1) and NH(i), (d) NH in equilibrium NH transannular distances, (e) H alpha in equilibrium H alpha transannular distances, (f) r x 1 distances between H alpha and H beta protons, (g) NH(i) in equilibrium H beta (i) distances, (h) NH (i + 1) in equilibrium H beta (i) distances, (i) carboxamide-backbone protons and carboxamide-side chain proton distances, (j) side chain proton-side chain proton distances. The procedures for distance calculations were: NOE ratios and calibration distances, sigma ratios and calibration distances, and correlation times and sigma parameters. The cross-relaxation parameters were obtained from the product, say, of NOE 1 leads to 2 and the monoselective relaxation rate of proton 2; the NOEs were measured by NOE difference spectroscopy. The data are consistent with a type I beta-turn/ type II' beta-turn/ approximately antiparallel beta-pleated sheet conformation of tyrocidine A in solution and the NOEs, cross-relaxation parameters, and interproton distances serve as distinguishing criteria for beta-turn and beta-pleated sheet conformations. It should be borne in mind that measurement of only r phi and r psi distances for a decapeptide only defines the ( phi, psi)-space in terms of 4(10) possible conformations; the distances b-j served to reduce the degeneracy in possible (phi, psi)-space to one tyrocidine A conformation. The latter conformation is consistent with that derived from scalar coupling constants, hydrogen bonding studies, and proton-chromophore distance measurement, and closely resembles the conformation of gramicidin S
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