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Sexual differences in foraging behaviour and diets: a case study of wandering albatrosses

By J.C. Xavier and J.P. Croxall

Abstract

Albatrosses and petrels (Procellariiformes) are a group of pelagic seabird species that exhibit a wide range in body mass and some degree of sexual dimorphism (Warham 1990; Croxall 1995). Within this order, the K-selected, single-egg clutch, monogamous, biennial breeder, wandering albatross Diomedea exulans (Fig. 5.1), which breeds on various sub-Antarctic islands (Fig. 5.2), is the most sexually dimorphic of any albatross species; although structurally similar to females at all ages, males are approximately 20% heavier and larger than females, and have a whiter plumage (Tickell, 1968; Weimerskirch et al., 1989). Moreover, when comparing the morphometric characteristics of female and male wandering albatrosses, 11 (out of 12) parameters were significantly different (P < 0.001) (Shaffer et al., 2001).\ud \ud As body size, wingspan and flight performance in wandering albatrosses are known to be positively related (i.e. males have longer wingspan and higher wing loading than females) (Shaffer et al., 2001), sexual size dimorphism may have a functional influence on the capacity to transport food (particularly important whilst breeding) and at-sea distribution of wandering albatrosses. With the recent development of small satellite tracking devices and additional instruments (e.g. activity recorders, stomach probes, GPS devices; Prince & Francis, 1984; Prince & Walton, 1984; Jouventin & Weimerskirch, 1990b; Wilson et al., 1992; Weimerskirch et al., 2002), a detailed characterization of foraging patterns of male and female wandering albatrosses can be obtained.\ud \u

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1017/CBO9780511525629.006
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:16437
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