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Defining the southern margin of Avalonia in the Pontides : geochronological data from the Late Proterozoic and Ordovician granitoids from NW Turkey

By A.I. Okay, E. Bozkurt, M. Satir, E. Yigitbas, Quentin Crowley and C.K. Shang


We provide new isotopic data from the Pontides, which substantiate the presence of a Cadomian basement with latest Proterozoic granitoids but also show the existence of Ordovician intrusives. Before the opening of the Black Sea, the Pontides formed a Palaeozoic orogenic belt at the margin of the East European Platform (Baltica) in an analogous position to the Variscan terranes in the central Europe. The Pontides consist of three terranes: The Strandja terrane has a Variscan basement with Carboniferous and Permian granitoids and an epicontinental Triassic to Jurassic sedimentary cover. The I.stanbul terrane has a Cadomian basement overlain by a sedimentary sequence of Ordovician to Carboniferous age. It underwent contractional deformation during the Late Carboniferous. The Sakarya terrane is characterized by Carboniferous high temperature metamorphism and plutonism. The boundary between the I.stanbul and Sakarya terranes forms a complex tectonic zone several tens of kilometres wide. The new age data come from this boundary zone in the Armutlu peninsula in northwest Turkey. Metagranitoids, which intrude amphibolites in the Armutlu peninsula, give latest Proterozoic and Ordovician U–Pb zircon laser ablation MC–ICP–MS and Pb–Pb evaporation ages. The latest Proterozoic (ca. 570 Ma) granitoids are similar in age to those reported previously from the basement of the I.stanbul terrane; they all form part of the widespread Pan-African granitoid plutonism on the margins of Gondwana. The Mid to Late Ordovician granitoids (460 Ma), on the other hand, probably have formed during the rifting of the I.stanbul terrane away from Gondwana during the opening of the Rheic ocean. In terms of the tectonic position, stratigraphy and geological evolution, the I.stanbul and Sakarya terranes are comparable to the Avalonia and the Armorican terrane assemblage in central Europe, respectively

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.02.004
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