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The partitioning of the total sediment load of a river into suspended load and bedload: A review of empirical data

By Jens M. Turowski, Dieter Rickenmann and Simon J. Dadson

Abstract

The partitioning of the total sediment load of a river into suspended load and bedload is an important problem in fluvial geomorphology, sedimentation engineering and sedimentology. Bedload transport rates are notoriously hard to measure and at many sites only suspended load data are available. Often the bedload fraction is estimated with rule-of-thumb methods such as Maddock’s Table, which are inadequately field-tested. Here the partitioning of sediment load for the Pitzbach is discussed, an Austrian mountain stream for which high temporal resolution data on both bedload and suspended load are available. The available data show large scatter on all scales. The fraction of the total load transported in suspension may vary between zero and one at the Pitzbach, while its average decreases with rising discharge (i.e. bedload transport is more important during floods). Existing data on short- and long-term partitioning is reviewed and an empirical equation to estimate bedload transport rates from measured suspended load transport rates is suggested. The partitioning averaged over a flood can vary strongly from event to event. Similar variations may occur in the year-to-year averages. Using published simultaneous short-term field measurements of bedload and suspended load transport rates, Maddock’s table is reviewed and updated. Long-term average partitioning could be a function of the catchment geology, the fraction of the catchment covered by glaciers and the extent of forest, but the available data are insufficient to draw final conclusions. At a given drainage area, scatter is large, but the data show a minimal fraction of sediment transported in suspended load, which increases with increasing drainage area and with decreasing rock strength for gravel bed rivers, whereby in large catchments the bedload fraction is insignificant at ~1%. For sand bed rivers, the bedload fraction may be substantial (30-50%) even for large catchments. However, available data are scarce and of varying quality. Long-term partitioning varies widely among catchments and the available data are currently not sufficient to effectively discriminate control parameters

Publisher: Wiley
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2009.01140.x
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:8287
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