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Throwing light on straddling stocks of Illex argentinus: assessing fishing intensity with satellite imagery

By C M Waluda, P N Trathan, C D Elvidge, V R Hobson and P G Rodhouse

Abstract

Marine fisheries provide around 20% of animal protein consumed by man worldwide, but ineffective\ud management can lead to commercial extinction of exploited stocks. Fisheries that overlap nationally controlled and high\ud seas waters cause particular problems, as few management data are available for the high seas. The Argentinean shortfinned\ud squid, Illex argentinus, exemplifies such a “straddling stock”. Here we demonstrate that light emitted by fishing\ud vessels to attract squid can be detected via remote-sensing. Unlike conventional fisheries data, which are restricted by\ud political boundaries, satellite imagery can provide a synoptic view of fishing activity in both regulated and unregulated\ud areas. By using known levels of fishing effort in Falkland Islands waters to calibrate the images, we are able to\ud estimate effort levels on the high seas, providing a more comprehensive analysis of the overall impact of fishing on the\ud stock. This innovative tool for quantifying fishing activity across management boundaries has wide-ranging applications\ud to squid fisheries worldwide

Topics: Marine Sciences, Zoology, Ecology and Environment
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:7102
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