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The exchange of nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and ozone between pasture and the atmosphere.

By K J Hargreaves, D. Fowler, R. Storeton-West and J H Duyzer


Fluxes of NO, NO2 and O3 were determined over a drained marshland pasture in south-east England by using flux-gradient techniques. Nitric oxide was found to be emitted at rates of up to 40 ng m−2 s−1, the rate of emission being related to the magnitude of the eddy diffusivity. Nitrogen dioxide deposited at rates of up to 90 ng m−2 s−1 under the control of stomatal resistance, a clear diurnal cycle being observed. Minimum canopy resistance was of the order of 80 s m−1. Ozone deposition was also controlled by stomatal resistance, the minimum canopy resistance being around 100 s m−1 and fluxes reaching a maximum of 220 ng m−2 s−1. Corrections made to NO and NO2 fluxes to compensate for chemical reactions showed flux divergences of the order of 30% for NO and NO2, but these were not statistically significantly different from the measured fluxes. The pasture was found to be a net sink for nitrogen in the form of NOx.\u

Topics: Ecology and Environment, Atmospheric Sciences
Year: 1992
DOI identifier: 10.1016/0269-7491(92)90056-G
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