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Methane and CO2 exchange over peatland and the effects of afforestation

By D. Fowler, K.J. Hargreaves, J.A. MacDonald and B. Gardiner

Abstract

The exchange of CH4 and CO2 over extensive tracts of peatland has recently been measured using micrometeorological methods. Fluxes of CH4 measured in Caithness (UK) during May and June 1994 using eddy covariance yielded fluxes in the range –70 to +170 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 with a mean flux of 39 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 \ud \ud Landscape emissions of CH4 from peatland are shown to vary with water table and temperature, increasing from 25 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 at 5 per cent area to 50 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 with 30 per cent within the footprint occupied by pool. A positive temperature response of 4.9 µmol CH4 m–2 h–1 {ring} C– in the temperature range 6–12{ring}C was also observed \ud \ud The mean day time fluxes of CO2 during May and June 1994, of —3.6 mmol m–2 h–1 were two orders of magnitude larger than the emission of CH4 of 40 µmol m–2 h–1, while at night (when net radiation is negative) the respiration flux of CO2 averaged +2.2 mmol m–2 h–1approximately two orders of magnitude larger than night-time CH4 emissions of 30 µmol m–2 h–1. \ud \u

Topics: Ecology and Environment, Atmospheric Sciences
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1093/forestry
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:5834
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