The exchange of ammonia between crop canopies and the atmosphere depends on a range of plant parameters and climatic conditions but little is known about effects of management factors. We have here investigated the ammonia exchange potential of a grass sward dominated by Lolium perenne in response to cutting and fertilization. Tall grass showed a low potential for NH3 emission before cutting. During re-growth after cutting, leaf tissue concentrations of NO3−, NH4+, soluble N and total N increased along with apoplastic NH4+ concentrations. In contrast, apoplastic pH decreased resulting in largely unaltered NH3 emission potential. A high potential for NH3 emission was shown by the plant litter. Fertilization with 100 kg N ha−1 one week after cutting caused the apoplastic NH4+ concentration of the newly emerging leaves to increase dramatically. The apoplastic NH4+ concentration peaked the day after the fertiliser was applied and thereafter decreased over the following 10 days until reaching the same level as before fertilisation. A positive correlation was found between NH4+ concentrations in leaf apoplast, bulk tissue and litter throughout the experimental period. Leaf soluble N was negatively correlated with apoplastic NH4+ concentration whereas total N was weakly correlated with NH4+ concentrations in leaf tissue and soil.\u
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