Transgenic overexpression of β2-adrenergic receptors in airway epithelial cells decreases bronchoconstriction

Abstract

Airway epithelial cells express β2-adrenergic receptors (β2-ARs), but their role in regulating airway responsiveness is unclear. With the Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) promoter, we targeted expression of β2-ARs to airway epithelium of transgenic (CCSP-β2-AR) mice, thereby mimicking agonist activation of receptors only in these cells. In situ hybridization confirmed that transgene expression was confined to airway epithelium, and autoradiography showed that β2-AR density in CCSP-β2-AR mice was approximately twofold that of nontransgenic (NTG) mice. Airway responsiveness measured by whole body plethysmography showed that the methacholine dose required to increase enhanced pause to 200% of baseline (ED200) was greater for CCSP-β2-AR than for NTG mice (345 ± 34 vs. 157 ± 14 mg/ml; P < 0.01). CCSP-β2-AR mice were also less responsive to ozone (0.75 ppm for 4 h) because enhanced pause in NTG mice acutely increased to 77% over baseline (P < 0.05) but remained unchanged in the CCSP-β2-AR mice. Although both groups were hyperreactive to methacholine 6 h after ozone exposure, the ED200 for ozone-exposed CCSP-β2-AR mice was equivalent to that for unexposed NTG mice. These findings show that epithelial cell β2-ARs regulate airway responsiveness in vivo and that the bronchodilating effect of β-agonists results from activation of receptors on both epithelial and smooth muscle cells.link_to_subscribed_fulltex

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

HKU Scholars Hub

redirect
Last time updated on 01/06/2016

This paper was published in HKU Scholars Hub.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.