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The (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium) colorimetric assay for the quantitation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae cytotoxin.

By W B Chung, L R Bäckström, J McDonald and M T Collins

Abstract

Using swine neutrophils as target cells, two MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium) colorimetric assay systems, one with and one without phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulation were established for the quantitation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae cytotoxin. The MTT assays were optimized for the number of neutrophils, incubation time, and PMA concentration by a series of experiments. The optimal conditions were 25 x 10(4) cells/well incubated for four hours for the assay system without PMA stimulation, and 12.5 x 10(4) cells/well incubated for two hours for the assay system with PMA stimulation. One culture supernatant of a toxigenic Pasteurella multocida strain and five A. pleuropneumoniae cytotoxin preparations produced from three A. pleuropneumoniae strains were used to test assay reproducibility. Results showed both assays were reproducible with a coefficient of variation ranging from 7.8 to 18% for the assay system without PMA stimulation and from 10.7 to 18.2% for the assay system with PMA stimulation. The PMA-stimulated assay had 40 to 60-fold higher sensitivity than the nonstimulated MTT assay. The MTT assay also was applied to the measurement of neutralizing antibody titers against A. pleuropneumoniae cytotoxin

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1263617
Provided by: PubMed Central
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