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Highly Potent Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication by TAK-220, an Orally Bioavailable Small-Molecule CCR5 Antagonist

By Katsunori Takashima, Hiroshi Miyake, Naoyuki Kanzaki, Yoshihiko Tagawa, Xin Wang, Yoshihiro Sugihara, Yuji Iizawa and Masanori Baba


TAK-220 is a member of a novel class of chemokine receptor antagonists and is highly specific to CCR5, as determined by receptor binding and calcium mobilization assays. The compound selectively inhibited coreceptor-mediated entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into host cells and HIV-1 infection mediated by CCR5. TAK-220 inhibited the replication of six CCR5-using (R5) HIV-1 clinical isolates in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with a mean 90% effective concentration of 13 nM. The anti-HIV-1 activity of TAK-220 was not affected by addition of high concentrations of human serum. It equally inhibited R5 HIV-1 replication in PBMCs obtained from eight different donors, irrespective of the levels of viral production. Furthermore, the anti-HIV-1 activity of TAK-220 was found to be subtype independent. TAK-220 did not induce CCR5 internalization but blocked the binding of two monoclonal antibodies that recognize the second extracellular loop of CCR5 in CCR5-expressing cells. These results suggest that TAK-220 selectively inhibits R5 HIV-1 replication by interfering with coreceptor-mediated entry of the virus into host cells. At a dose of 5 mg/kg of body weight, TAK-220 showed oral bioavailabilities of 9.5 and 28.9% in rats and monkeys, respectively. Thus, TAK-220 is a promising candidate for the treatment of HIV-1 infection

Topics: Antiviral Agents
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AAC.49.8.3474-3482.2005
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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