Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Highly Potent Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication by TAK-220, an Orally Bioavailable Small-Molecule CCR5 Antagonist

By Katsunori Takashima, Hiroshi Miyake, Naoyuki Kanzaki, Yoshihiko Tagawa, Xin Wang, Yoshihiro Sugihara, Yuji Iizawa and Masanori Baba

Abstract

TAK-220 is a member of a novel class of chemokine receptor antagonists and is highly specific to CCR5, as determined by receptor binding and calcium mobilization assays. The compound selectively inhibited coreceptor-mediated entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into host cells and HIV-1 infection mediated by CCR5. TAK-220 inhibited the replication of six CCR5-using (R5) HIV-1 clinical isolates in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with a mean 90% effective concentration of 13 nM. The anti-HIV-1 activity of TAK-220 was not affected by addition of high concentrations of human serum. It equally inhibited R5 HIV-1 replication in PBMCs obtained from eight different donors, irrespective of the levels of viral production. Furthermore, the anti-HIV-1 activity of TAK-220 was found to be subtype independent. TAK-220 did not induce CCR5 internalization but blocked the binding of two monoclonal antibodies that recognize the second extracellular loop of CCR5 in CCR5-expressing cells. These results suggest that TAK-220 selectively inhibits R5 HIV-1 replication by interfering with coreceptor-mediated entry of the virus into host cells. At a dose of 5 mg/kg of body weight, TAK-220 showed oral bioavailabilities of 9.5 and 28.9% in rats and monkeys, respectively. Thus, TAK-220 is a promising candidate for the treatment of HIV-1 infection

Topics: Antiviral Agents
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AAC.49.8.3474-3482.2005
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1196284
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.