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Purification and properties of the S1 secondary alkylsulphohydrolase of the detergent-degrading micro-organism, Pseudomonas C12B

By Barbara Bartholomew, Kenneth S. Dodgson and Stephen D. Gorham


The S1 secondary alkylsulphohydrolase of the detergent-degrading micro-organism, Pseudomonas C12B, was separated from other alkylsulphohydrolases and purified to homogeneity. Under the experimental conditions used the enzyme completely hydrolysed d-octan-2-yl sulphate (d-1-methylheptyl sulphate), but showed no activity towards the corresponding l-isomer. Additional evidence has been obtained to indicate that it is probably optically stereospecific for d-secondary alkyl sulphate esters with the ester sulphate group at C-2 and with a chain length of at least seven carbon atoms. Enzyme activity towards racemic samples of heptan-2-yl sulphate (1-methylhexyl sulphate), octan-2-yl sulphate and decan-2-yl sulphate (1-methylnonyl sulphate) increased with increasing chain length. l-Octan-2-yl sulphate is a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme, as are certain primary alkyl sulphates and primary alkanesulphonates. Inhibition by each of the last two types of compounds is characteristic of the behaviour of an homologous series. Inhibition increases with increasing chain length and plots of log K(i) values against the number of carbon atoms in each alkyl chain show the expected linear relationship. A crude preparation of the S2 secondary alkylsulphohydrolase was used to show that this particular enzyme hydrolyses l-octan-2-yl sulphate, but is probably inactive towards the corresponding d-isomer. The similarity of the S1 and S2 enzymes to the CS2 and CS1 enzymes respectively of Comamonas terrigena was established, and some comments have been made on the possible roles of these and other alkylsulphohydrolases in the biodegradation of detergents

Topics: Enzymology
Year: 1978
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj1690659
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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