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The isolation and further characterization of the bilirubin tetrapyrroles in bile-containing human duodenal juice and dog gall-bladder bile

By Ellen R. Gordon, Tak-Hang Chan, Karen Samodai and Carl A. Goresky


Bilirubin and its conjugates were extracted from either dog gall-bladder bile or bile-containing human duodenal juice into chloroform containing 10mm-tetraheptylammonium chloride. The intact bilirubin tetrapyrroles were then separated by t.l.c. Structural elucidation was made after coupling of the individual pigments with diazonium salts. Four azopigments were detected: azopigment α(o) or dipyrrolic azobilirubin; azopigment δ or dipyrrolic azobilirubin monoglucuronide; azopigment α(3) or dipyrrolic azobilirubin monoglucoside; and, from dog gall-bladder bile, azopigment α(2). The last conjugate required further verification of its structure. After methanolysis, it was shown by combined g.l.c.–mass spectrometry to contain xylose in a 1:1 molar ratio with the azopigments of bilirubin. Human bile contained 86% bilirubin diglucuronide, 7% bilirubin monoglucuronide monoglucoside diester, 4% bilirubin monoglucuronide and 3% bilirubin. Dog gall-bladder bile had a considerably different composition; it contained 47% bilirubin diglucuronide, 40% bilirubin monoglucuronide monoglucoside diester, 8% bilirubin monoglucuronide, 4% bilirubin diglucoside, 1–2% bilirubin and traces of conjugates containing xylose. The total bilirubin content and proportions of the conjugates did not change in bile that was frozen and stored at −20°C under N(2), whereas in the chloroform/tetraheptylammonium chloride extract, similarly stored, total pigment was slowly lost and the diglucuronide conjugate converted into the monoglucuronide

Topics: Small Molecules
Year: 1977
DOI identifier: 10.1042/bj1670001
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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