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Nop53p is a novel nucleolar 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis protein

By Yaroslav Sydorskyy, David J. Dilworth, Brendan Halloran, Eugene C. Yi, Taras Makhnevych, Richard W. Wozniak and John D. Aitchison

Abstract

Ribosome biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae occurs primarily in a specialized nuclear compartment termed the nucleolus within which the rRNA genes are transcribed by RNA polymerase I into a large 35 S rRNA precursor. The ensuing association/dissociation and catalytic activity of numerous trans-acting protein factors, RNAs and ribosomal proteins ultimately leads to the maturation of the precursor rRNAs into 25, 5.8 and 18 S rRNAs and the formation of mature cytoplasmic 40 and 60 S ribosomal subunits. Although many components involved in ribosome biogenesis have been identified, our understanding of this essential cellular process remains limited. In the present study we demonstrate a crucial role for the previously uncharacterized nucleolar protein Nop53p (Ypl146p) in ribosome biogenesis. Specifically, Nop53p appears to be most important for biogenesis of the 60 S subunit. It physically interacts with rRNA processing factors, notably Cbf5p and Nop2p, and co-fractionates specifically with pre-60 S particles on sucrose gradients. Deletion or mutations within NOP53 cause significant growth defects and display significant 60 S subunit deficiencies, an imbalance in the 40 S:60 S ratio, as revealed by polysome profiling, and defects in progression beyond the 27 S stage of 25 S rRNA maturation during 60 S biogenesis

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Portland Press Ltd.
Year: 2005
DOI identifier: 10.1042/BJ20041297
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1183461
Provided by: PubMed Central
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