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Reduced length fibre Bragg gratings for high frequency acoustic sensing

By Claire Davis, David Robertson, Chris Brooks, Patrick Norman, Cedric Rosalie and Nik Rajic


In-fibre Bragg gratings (FBGs) are now well established for applications in acoustic sensing. The upper frequency response limit of the Bragg grating is determined by its gauge length, which has typically been limited to about 1 mm for commercially available Type 1 gratings. This paper investigates the effect of FBG gauge length on frequency response for sensing of acoustic waves. The investigation shows that the ratio of wavelength to FBG length must be at least 8.8 in order to reliably resolve the strain response without significant gain roll-off. Bragg gratings with a gauge length of 200 µm have been fabricated and their capacity to measure low amplitude high frequency acoustic strain fields in excess of 2 MHz is experimentally demonstrated. The ultimate goal of this work is to enhance the sensitivity of acoustic damage detection techniques by extending the frequency range over which acoustic waves may be reliably measured using FBGs

Topics: Acoustic sensing, Fibre Bragg gratings, Lamb waves, Structural health monitoring
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0957-0233
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